There is considerable confusion when it comes to seditious members of Congress and it’s time to sort it out so we’re all on the same page.

First, we know there are seditionists in Congress, this is not in dispute. Who they are and what they did, however, needs some clarification. The recent article McCarthy’s Speakership may be One of the Shortest in History lists most of the criminal seditionists though it is not exhaustive. It is missing Josh Hawley of the raised fist fame and Lauren Boebert who led a reconnaissance tour through the Capitol Building in the days before January 6 and used social media to notify her co-conspirators when Speaker Nancy Pelosi left the House chamber. That brings the list to 30.

Another possible is Chuck Grassley who, as Roll Call posted on Twitter, was obviously prepped to stand in for Pence on January 6. It would be enlightening to know what Trump directed Grassley to do as opposed to what Chuck said publicly.

Chuck’s staff later claimed that he “misspoke” and that what he meant to explain was what would happen if the VP were to be, for example, whisked away before the end of the session or accidentally hung from the gallows that mysteriously and anonymously appeared outside the Capitol Building.

Little did Grassley’s staff realise how suspicious and transparent their ‘clarification’ (ie cover-up) would appear less than 24 hours later.

In his book The Breach, former Rep Denver Riggleman, who served as a senior staffer to the Jan 6 Committee, said their evidence showed that there were 40 congressional Republicans involved in the Jan 6 insurrection plot and the Fake Electors scheme. If, as seems likely, the above list of deplorables all appear on Riggleman’s list of 40, there are still more names to be added. That surprises no one.

Indeed, I have seen much longer lists posted on social media accompanied by pleas to hold all of them accountable for their seditious acts. These lists comprise the Republicans in the joint session of Congress who objected to certifying the electoral counts of certain states – you know the ones, the states the orange conman claimed were stolen from him. I have that list too; I posted it to Google sheets and you can view it at this link.

The problem with this list is that rejecting states’ electoral counts is not criminal, therefore they cannot be held criminally liable for these particular actions. The reason it’s not criminal is that raising objections and voting “nay” to motions and resolutions are legitimate actions in the congressional process. It’s a process anchored in a democratic foundation requiring that both the for and against sides of every issue must be accommodated. For example, whenever a vote is held, both yea and nay responses must be allowed. Therefore, voting nay to certify the electoral votes of certain states is a legitimate action.

So why are so many viewing these legitimate actions as criminal? It’s because of the motive we know is behind their objections and nay votes. We perceive in their motives an element of criminal intent, a coordinated effort to bring pressure to bear on Mike Pence to use his presiding role over the count to change the outcome.

Though this view is undoubtedly accurate, the 147 Republicans who participated in this egregious action nevertheless used legitimate congressional procedures to do so, thereby shielding themselves from any legal repercussions. This flagrant use of Congress is nothing short of an abuse of the People’s Branch in the People’s House. It is reprehensible, unethical and seditious โ€” but it is not criminal.

So when is sedition criminal? In the relevant passage of 18 US Code ยง2384 โ€“ Seditious Conspiracy, it is a felony when:

…two or more persons in any State or Territory, or in any place subject to the jurisdiction of the United States, conspire to overthrow, put down, or to destroy by force the Government of the United States …contrary to the authority thereof

So, if two or more meet to plot the overthrow of a legitimately elected President, and then put that plot into action, they’re not just deplorables, they’re criminally seditious deplorables.

And a group of them certainly did meet. As far as we know, their first session was held on December 21, 2020, at the White House. According to White House visitor logs obtained by the Jan 6 Committee, eight current House members attended that conclave.

The night before January 6, there was a “war room” meeting at the Willard Hotel in DC that included Tommy Tuberville among its infamous attendees (so we can add his name to the list). The New York Times reported

But the Willard was only one hub of Trump activity before the Jan. 6 riot, when members of the former presidentโ€™s inner circle also congregated at the nearby Trump International and other hotels to plan their bid to invalidate the election results.

There must have been numerous planning meetings conducted between the December 21 and January 5 strategy sessions but while rumours abound, it’s difficult to find reliable sources to confirm venues, times and attendees. We do know that the Jan 6 Committee amassed a great deal of evidence that was never made public. As exasperating as some find this, it is reassuring to know that Jack Smith and his team are now in possession of all that evidence.

So, what is not criminal is what took place in the House chamber during the joint session, notwithstanding that at least 147 of them are obnoxious deplorables.

As for what is criminal, well, we’ll know that for certain when Special Counsel Jack Smith issues indictments to the obnoxiously seditious deplorables.

Finally, a combination prayer and message to Jack Smith: while we will continue to practise patience, we want you to know that today would not be too soon for indictments to drop. Just saying.

You can find and follow Michelle Dale on Twitter as @Mopshell.


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  1. I say herd them all into a hearing room. And lock them in with enough food and water for 24 hours. (Ok, and some portable toilets) AND on the video monitor play the following on a continuous loop – at movie theater level sound volumes!

  2. Today is my 50th Wedding Anniversary. This is turning into a great gift. Watergate was just warming up when we were married. I hope for a much more satisfying ending to the many traitors we have now.

  3. This is a useful and fact clarification! Thank you.

    It is appalling to think that treason is legal if done by an elected official. None of the collaborators should still be in those chambers! But if America survives all this, I will finally believe democracy can work.

  4. If the united States does not begin to hold high government officials criminally liable for their illegal and unconstitutional acts, the country will never improve. We can jail scapegoats and wait for voters to clear out bad elected officials, but if we do, nothing eill ever change. The political sense of entitlement is sickening, as we see direct defiance of constitutional principles without any serious consequences. It is long past time for change.

    • I don’t believe we will have to wait for voters to oust the criminally seditious in Congress. I believe there will be indictments this year followed by a bumper crop of special elections. Then it will be up to all of us to help Dems flip at least five of those seats and regain the majority in the House.

  5. Three names from what used to be the relatively sane state of Ohio. It shames me to have to say that my own representative is listed as I knew he would be, Warren Davidson. Just after I learned he had voted to not certify the election in 2020 I sent him a blistering email telling him how ashamed he should be and I was for his violating his oath of office as he did. I asked for and received a response but it was utter horseshit, He went on about questions surrounding the 2020 election and how he was just doing his due diligence in all his actions in the face of wide spread voter fraud. I also remember him saying something about being proud of all of it too. I’m not holding out much hope that he will ever pay for his actions, these assholes around here love him as far as I can tell. But I guess you never know.

  6. The fact that Davidson was caught texting with Meadows about strategizing to overturn the election may put him in legal jeopardy. We won’t know until indictments are issued by Jack Smith’s grand juries and I believe that will be soon.


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